Samvatsara – 1
Samvatsara roughly means the period of one full year. Using Jupiter’s average speed to cross over one zodiac sign is known as Samvatsara. Thus there will be twelve Samvatsara’s when Jupiter completes one revolution around the zodiac. Each revolution brings Jupiter closer to earth, sometimes far away (all too dependent on apogee and perigee of both Earth and Jupiter, and of course nearness to other planets, conjunctions and oppositions, the effects of each Samvatsara becomes different. Thus there are sixty Samvatsara’s which repeat again and again in a cycle.
At the beginning of creation both Jupiter and Saturn were at Sidereal zero degree Aries. The average daily motion of Saturn is about 2 minutes, therefore it takes about 30 years to complete one revolution around the zodiac. The average daily motion of Jupiter is about 5 minutes and thus it takes twelve years to complete one revolution around the zodiac. The lowest common multiple (LCM) of 30 and 12 is of course sixty, therefore after 60 years both Saturn and Jupiter will be once again at zero degree Aries!!
Various angles between Jupiter and Saturn in above 60 years define the meaning of each Samvatsara. In actual practice, no other planet has profound effect on an individual other than the mutual angle between Jupiter and Saturn in his/her horoscope. Readers who wish to know more may consult classics such as Bhrigu Samhita, Siddhanta Jyotish compendiums.
In Siddhanta Jyotish the names of Samvatsara begin with Vijaya and go all the way down to Nandana, the 60th Samvatsara. However, there are other authors such as Varahamihira in his Brihat Samhita where he mentions the beginning as Prabhava (the 35th Samvatsara) in Siddhanta Jyotish. Manasagri Paddhati too considers beginning as Prabhava.
Below is brief meaning to each of the sixty Samvatsara beginning with Prabhava. The meaning associated is classically defined for humans, but, these can be conveniently applied to mundane events. As of today in June 2017, Hemlambi is in effect.
Applicability to Mundane Events: Allow me to explain. UK’s entry into Euro was in the Paridhavi Samvatsara. Any event that starts in Paridhavi begins with harsh speech, although the person brings fortunes.
UK’s exit from Euro was when Hindu Samvatsara Durkukha was in force. This is all about villainy, deceit and speaks of crooked self interest – though they are lamenting their exit. But, self interest and deceit rules UK
More on this later with specific case studies. But, first, the Samvatsara’s themselves!
Prabhava: People under Prabhava are intellectuals and ready for action, be it collection of objects, enjoys comforts, has daring, truthful and with every kind of virtue. Manasagri mentions people born under Prabhava are well known personalities, learned and with cruel intentions. However, he/she is quite knowledgeable as well.
Vibhava: People born under this Samvatsara are fond of drinks and good food, are extremely beautiful, strong and intelligent. Well known in society and good mannered. Lustful, pure, grandeur, pomp, majestic, constantly cheerful and will have prodigious wealth. Manasagri mentions this as a person who is as fickle as a woman, given to theft, rich, everything in excess and a philanthropist.
Shukla: People born under this Samvatsara are joyful, extremely generous, has excellent qualities, blessed with good spouse, full of grandeur, fortune and humility. Given an opportunity, he/she will seduce others, generally clean hearted and pure. Manasagri however mentions person to be in poverty.
Pramoduta: The native is a philanthropist, blessed with equally illustrious children, good qualities, sometimes deceptive, doer of good to others and proud. Clever in counsel, and businesslike. Both equally good and bad qualities are mentioned which means the person is skilled at getting work done by hook or by crook. Manasagri mentions such a person to be very skilled in carrying out his duties, but in the process may have many enemies including siblings and friends.
Prajapati or Prajothpati: Native born under this Samvatsara will have illustrious spouse who is endowed with good qualities. Virtuous and bounteous, he/she will be oblivious to pain arising from worldly matters. Manasagri mentions such native to have large family, and famous for his wealth and possessions.
Angira or Angirasa: Native born under this Samvatsara are endowed with beauty, grace and happiness, soft-spoken, self-pride, and enjoys life. He/she however keeps his/her plans and thoughts a secret and never shares them. Manasagri mentions them as one who is proficient in scriptures and very religious oriented.
Shrimukha: Such a native is wealthy, valorous, and energetic and has affection of friends, is endowed with truthful intellect. Lusts for opposite sex other than spouse and a flirt. Manasagri mentions this as someone who employs dubious intent and dissimulation in accomplishing or effecting his work.
Bhava: Natives born under this Samvatsara have splendid mind, good qualities, a philanthropist, courteous, always happy and endearing to many. A king-maker, and renowned for his vast wealth and strength. His heart is full of generosity and intelligence, he squanders away great love for one and all. Manasagri mentions this as one who is fond of eating flesh and sea food.
Yuva: Such a native is incarnation of happiness, endowed with qualities, courteous, peaceful, bountiful and generous, an erudite and long lived person. Has a hard and firm body. Covetous, sometimes ill-tempered, little liable to illness and acquainted in healing arts. Manasagri mentions this as one who is bereft of comfort of a spouse, or suffering thru spouse and one who suffers from hydrophobia.
Will post about other Samvatsara separately